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Edward 1st Room

The Edward 1st Room is the most ancient State Room in the Castle.  Here, the Lords of the castle were secluded up high and safe; also, well above the stench from the moats below. The room is named after the visit of "Proud Edward, Hammer of the Scots" in 1298, on his way to the battle of Falkirk where he captured William Wallace (Brave Heart), who had 'visited' the previous year, burning women and children in the local church.  King Henry III will also have stayed here in 1245 when he came by for his Scottish forays.  The gothic window overlooking the garden may even have been designed by William of Durham who designed the Coronation Throne in Westminster Abbey which covered the famous Stone of Scone.
The Edward 1 Room has been restored to its 13th century format with a gallery, armour, weapons and furnishings of its time. Also on display is the castle’s “License to crenellate”, or Royal permission to build battlements, issued in 1344.  This license was not freely granted as it meant the castle would be hard for royal troops to assault. The license was drawn up by Sir Humphry Wakefield's forebear, William de Wakefield, secretary to King Edward III. Throughout the whole country, this is the only 'License to Crenellate' actually in its castle of origin.
In a secret compartment, to the right of the north window, 125 Elizabethan documents were discovered during renovation some relating to the Spanish Armada, others to the Royal succession of James VI of Scotland. The fine gothic window was installed for the Royal visit in 1298.


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